So, dehumanization of the enemy was done in the past all over the world. Does it still happen in the 21st century? That's the question that my co-author and I asked in our study of editorial cartoons of bin Laden and the Taliban after the events of 9/11.
Hart, W. B. & Hassencahl, F. (2002). Dehumanizing the enemy in editorial cartoons. In B. Greenberg (Ed.). Communication and Terrorism: Public and Media Responses to 9/11 (pp. 137-155). Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
In short, our study found that people (U.S. leaders and editorial cartoonist, in this case) continued to use the dehumanizing visual metaphors identified by Keen -- enemy-as-animal, enemy-as-barbarian, enemy-as-criminal, etc.
We closed our book chapter with the following important note.
Does this process of dehumanization continue today? Let's check the news.
"The 'right' to dehumanize and humiliate [Turkey's]Erdoğan"? (2016)
"Do Not Dehumanize Muslims and Liken Them to Dangerous Animals" (2016)
‘Blame Russia’ media blitz aims to dehumanize and demonize - RT (2017)
From EuroNews April 5, 2013
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